1α,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 affects hormone production and expression of steroidogenic enzymes in human adrenocortical NCI-H295R cells
2010 (English)In: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular and Cell Biology of Lipids, ISSN 1388-1981, E-ISSN 1388-1918, Vol. 1801, no 9, 1056-1062 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The current study presents data indicating that 1 alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D-3 affects the production of hormones and expression of crucial steroidogenic enzymes in the human adrenocortical cell line NCI-H295R. This cell line is widely used as a model for adrenal steroidogenesis. Treatment of the cells with 1 alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D-3 suppressed the levels of corticosterone, aldosterone, DHEA, DHEA-sulfate and androstenedione in the culture medium. In order to study the mechanisms behind this suppression of hormone production, we investigated the effects of 1 alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D-3 on important genes and enzymes controlling the biosynthesis of adrenal hormones. The mRNA levels were decreased for CYP21A2 while they were increased for CYP11A1 and CYP17A1. No significant changes were observed in mRNA for CYP11B1, CYP11B2 or 3 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (3 beta HSD). In similarity with the effects on mRNA levels, also the endogenous enzyme activity of CYP21A2 decreased after treatment with 1 alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3. Interestingly, the two CYP17A1-mediated activities were influenced reciprocally the 17 alpha-hydroxylase activity increased whereas the 17,20-lyase activity decreased. The current data indicate that the 1 alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D-3-mediated decrease in corticosterone and androgen production is due to suppression of the 21-hydroxylase activity by CYP21A2 and the 17,20-lyase activity by CYP17A1, respectively. In conclusion, the current study reports novel findings on 1 alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D-3-mediated effects on hormone production and regulation of genes and enzymes involved in steroidogenesis in the adrenocortical NCI-H295R cell line, a model for human adrenal cortex.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 1801, no 9, 1056-1062 p.
Steroidogenesis, Calcitriol, 1 alpha, 25-dihydroxyvitamin D-3, Regulation
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-135611DOI: 10.1016/j.bbalip.2010.04.009ISI: 000280627800008PubMedID: 20420936OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-135611DiVA: diva2:375289