Inhibition of Connective Tissue Growth Factor/CCN2 Expression in Human Dermal Fibroblasts by Interleukin-1 alpha and beta
2010 (English)In: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry, ISSN 0730-2312, E-ISSN 1097-4644, Vol. 110, no 5, 1226-1233 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF/CCN2) is a matricellular protein induced by transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta and intimately involved with tissue repair and overexpressed in various fibrotic conditions We previously showed that keratmocytes in vitro downregulate TGF-beta-induced expression of CTGF in fibroblasts by an interleukin (IL)-1 alpha-dependent mechanism. Here, we investigated further the mechanisms of this downregulation by both IL-1 alpha and beta Human dermal fibroblasts and NIH 3T3 cells were treated with IL-1 alpha or beta in presence or absence of TGF-beta 1. IL-1 suppressed basal and TGF-beta-induced CTGF mRNA and protein expression. IL-1 alpha and beta inhibited TGF-beta-stimulated CTGF promoter activity, and the activity of a synthetic minimal promoter containing Smad 3-binding CAGA elements Furthermore. IL-1 alpha and beta inhibited TGF-beta-stimulated Smad 3 phosphorylation, possibly linked to an observed increase in Smad 7 mRNA expression. In addition. RNA interference suggested that TGF-beta activated kinase1 (TAK1) is necessary for IL-1 inhibition of TGF-beta-stimulated CTGF expression. These results add to the understanding of how the expression of CTGF in human dermal fibroblasts is regulated, which in turn may have implications for the pathogenesis of fibrotic conditions involving the skin.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 110, no 5, 1226-1233 p.
Connective tissue growth factor, Interleukin-1, Smad 3, TAK1, Transforming growth factor-β
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-135743DOI: 10.1002/jcb.22637ISI: 000280435900021OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-135743DiVA: diva2:375493