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The Hamburg/ESO R-process enhanced star survey (HERES) V. Detailed abundance analysis of the r-process enhanced star HE 2327-5642
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy.
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2010 (English)In: Astronomy and Astrophysics, ISSN 0004-6361, E-ISSN 1432-0746, Vol. 516, A46- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aims. We present a detailed abundance analysis of a strongly r-process enhanced giant star discovered in the HERES project, HE 2327-5642, for which [Fe/H] = -2.78, [r/Fe] = +0.99. Methods. We determined the stellar parameters and element abundances by analyzing the high-quality VLT/UVES spectra. The surface gravity was calculated from the non-local thermodynamic equilibrium (NLTE) ionization balance between Fe I and Fe II, and Ca I and Ca II. Results. Accurate abundances for a total of 40 elements and for 23 neutron-capture elements beyond Sr and up to Th were determined in HE 2327-5642. For every chemical species, the dispersion in the single line measurements around the mean does not exceed 0.11 dex. The heavy element abundance pattern of HE 2327-5642 is in excellent agreement with those previously derived for other strongly r-process enhanced stars, such as CS 22892-052, CS 31082-001, and HE 1219-0312. Elements in the range from Ba to Hf match the scaled Solar r-process pattern very well. No firm conclusion can be drawn about the relationship between the fisrt neutron-capture peak elements, Sr to Pd, in HE 2327-5642 and the Solar r-process, due to the uncertainty in the Solar r-process. A clear distinction in Sr/Eu abundance ratios was found between the halo stars of different europium enhancement. The strongly r-process enhanced stars contain a low Sr/Eu abundance ratio at [Sr/Eu] = -0.92 +/- 0.13, while the stars with 0 < [Eu/Fe] < 1 and [Eu/Fe] < 0 have 0.36 dex and 0.93 dex higher Sr/Eu values, respectively. Radioactive dating for HE 2327-5642 with the observed thorium and rare-earth element abundance pairs results in an average age of 13.3 Gyr, when based on the high-entropy wind calculations, and 5.9 Gyr, when using the Solar r-residuals. We propose that HE 2327-5642 is a radial-velocity variable based on our high-resolution spectra covering similar to 4.3 years.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 516, A46- p.
Keyword [en]
stars: abundances, stars: atmospheres, stars: fundamental parameters, nuclear reactions, nucleosynthesis, abundances
National Category
Physical Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-135751DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/200913825ISI: 000280275400061OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-135751DiVA: diva2:375538
Available from: 2010-12-08 Created: 2010-12-08 Last updated: 2010-12-08Bibliographically approved

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