Ocular dimensions and cone photoreceptor topography in adult Nile Tilapia Oreochromis niloticus
2010 (English)In: Environmental Biology of Fishes, ISSN 0378-1909, E-ISSN 1573-5133, Vol. 88, no 4, 369-376 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Information on the anatomy of the eye and the topography of cone photoreceptor cells in the retina is presented for the Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). In adults, the shape and proportions of the ocular components of the prominent eye conform to the general form of fish eyes, as determined using cryo-sectioned eyes. The lens is approximately spherical and there is little variation in the distance from the centre of the lens to the border between the choroid and retina at a range of angles about the optical axis. The average ratio of the distance from the centre of the lens to the retina: lens radius (Matthiessen's ratio) is 2.44:1. In retinal wholemounts, single and double (twin) cone photoreceptors, forming a square mosaic, are present. Peak photoreceptor densities for both morphological cone types are found in the temporal retina. Using peak cone densities and estimates of focal length from cryo-sectioned eyes, visual acuity is calculated to be 5.44 cycles per deg. The lack of apparent specific ocular or retinal specializations and the relatively low visual acuity reflect the lifestyle of the Nile Tilapia and may allow it to adapt to changes in visual environment in its highly variable natural habitat as well as contributing to the 'ecological flexibility' of this species.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 88, no 4, 369-376 p.
Cone mosaic, Eye, Lens, Photoreceptor, Retina, Visual acuity
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-135832DOI: 10.1007/s10641-010-9652-7ISI: 000279501800009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-135832DiVA: diva2:375763