Regulating Multilingualism in the North Calotte: The Case of Kven, Meankieli and Sami Languages
2010 (English)In: Acta Borealia, ISSN 0800-3831, Vol. 27, no 1, 1-23 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This article examines the dynamics of language relations by investigating the historical, political and ideological processes at play in the minoritization and revitalization of Kven, Meankieli and Sami languages in the North Calotte region. We focus particularly on language political and legal instruments developed and used to alter and regulate language relations in this area, and aim at providing a state-of-the-art overview of this quickly changing landscape. When looking at the minoritized languages in this region, we can see that developments in their status are linked to the creation of modernist nation states and their borders. More recent processes are related to new global cooperation and international policy efforts, resulting in the present synchronic variation. When reflecting on the considerable changes in both international and national language policies all the way from the beginning of the post-WWII period to the strengthening of pluralism in the 1970s to today, we can see that at least some of the minority languages of the North find themselves in a considerably better societal situation than ever before. At the same time, however, multilingual practices in the form of modern communication technologies, world-wide youth culture, international migration and tourism, intertwined with language revitalization efforts, make the terrain even more complex and varied.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 27, no 1, 1-23 p.
Language relations, Minorities, Minority policies, Ethnic revitalization, Finns, Sami, Kvens, Cultural pluralism
Humanities Social Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-136177DOI: 10.1080/08003831.2010.486923ISI: 000279192800001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-136177DiVA: diva2:376313