Silica exposure among male current smokers is associated with a high risk of developing ACPA-positive rheumatoid arthritis
2010 (English)In: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, ISSN 0003-4967, E-ISSN 1468-2060, Vol. 69, no 6, 1072-1076 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Objective To study the association between silica exposure, separately as well as combined with smoking, and the risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis (RA) with or without the presence of antibodies against citrullinated peptide antigens (ACPA). Methods This Swedish population based case-control study analysed 577 incident RA cases and 659 randomly selected controls, all men aged 18-70 years, included during May 1996 to May 2006. Self-reported silica exposure, defined as exposure to stone dust, rock drilling or stone crushing and cigarette smoking was registered. ACPA status among cases was analysed. Results Silica-exposed subjects were found to have a moderately increased risk of ACPA-positive RA (odds ratio (OR) adjusted for age and residency = 1.67 (95% CI 1.13 to 2.48), but not of ACPA-negative RA (OR = 0.98 (95% CI 0.57 to 1.66)), compared with subjects unexposed to silica. Subjects exposed to rock drilling were found to have a somewhat more markedly increased risk of ACPA-positive RA (OR = 2.34 (95% CI 1.17 to 4.68)). A high risk of developing ACPA-positive RA was observed among silica-exposed current smokers (OR = 7.36 (95% CI 3.31 to 16.38)), exceeding the risk expected from the separate effects of silica exposure and current smoking, indicating an interaction between these exposures (attributable proportion due to interaction = 0.60 (95% CI 0.26 to 0.95)). Conclusion Silica exposure combined with smoking among men is associated with an increased risk of developing ACPA-positive RA. These results suggest that different inhalation exposures may interact in the aetiology of ACPA-positive RA.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 69, no 6, 1072-1076 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-136426DOI: 10.1136/ard.2009.114694ISI: 000278017700021PubMedID: 19966090OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-136426DiVA: diva2:376880