Glucose-regulated protein 78 (Grp78/BiP) is secreted by human oviduct epithelial cells and the recombinant protein modulates sperm zona pellucida binding
2010 (English)In: Fertility and Sterility, ISSN 0015-0282, Vol. 93, no 5, 1574-1584 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Objective: To determine the secretion of Grp78 by human oviduct epithelial cells, its association to spermatozoa, and its involvement in gamete interaction. Design: Prospective study. Setting: Basic research laboratory. Subject(s): Semen samples obtained from normozoospermic volunteers. Tubal tissue provided by patients undergoing hysterectomies. Oocytes collected from women undergoing IVF-ET. Intervention(s): Analysis of Grp78 expression and secretion by oviductal tissue. Gamete incubation with recombinant Grp78 (rec-Grp78). Main Outcome Measure(s): Assessment of protein expression and secretion by immunohistochemistry and Western immunoblotting, respectively. Evaluation of rec-Grp78 binding to human spermatozoa by immunocytochemistry, and analysis of its effect upon gamete interaction using the hemizona assay. Result(s): Grp78 was found in the surface of oviduct epithelial cells. Soluble Grp78 was detected in oviductal fluids from women in the periovulatory period and in oviductal tissue conditioned medium. Rec-Grp78 was able to bind to the sperm acrosomal cap, and its presence during gamete interaction led to a decrease in the number of spermatozoa bound to the zona pellucida (ZP). When calcium ions from the incubation medium were replaced by strontium, rec-Grp78 enhanced sperm ZP interaction. Conclusion(S): Grp78 is expressed and secreted by oviduct epithelial cells. The protein would bind to the gametes and may modulate their interaction in a calcium-dependent manner.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Inc. , 2010. Vol. 93, no 5, 1574-1584 p.
Grp78, BiP, chaperone, oviduct, spermatozoa, zona pellucida, gamete interaction
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-136662DOI: 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2008.12.132ISI: 000276038700026PubMedID: 19296942OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-136662DiVA: diva2:377344