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Factors of importance for patients' decision time in acute coronary syndrome
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2010 (English)In: International Journal of Cardiology, ISSN 0167-5273, E-ISSN 1874-1754, Vol. 141, no 3, 236-242 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Not much is known about the patients' decision time in acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The aim of the survey was therefore to describe patients' decision time and factors associated with this parameter in ACS. Methods: We conducted a national survey comprising intensive cardiac care units at 11 hospitals in Sweden in which patients with ACS diagnosis and symptoms onset outside hospital participated. Main outcome measures were patients' decision time and factors associated with patients' decision time. Results: In all, 1939 patients took part in the survey. The major factors associated with a shorter patient decision time were: 1) ST-elevation ACS, 2) associated symptoms such as vertigo or near syncope, 3) interpreting the symptoms as cardiac in origin, 4) pain appearing suddenly and reaching a maximum within minutes, 5) having knowledge of the importance of quickly seeking medical care and 6) experiencing the symptoms as frightening. The following aspects of the disease were associated with a longer decision time: 1) pain was localised in the back and 2) symptom onset at home when alone. Conclusion: A number of factors, including the type of ACS, the type and localisation of symptoms, the place where symptoms occurred, patients' interpretation of symptoms and knowledge were all associated with patients' decision time in connection with ACS. (c) 2008 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 141, no 3, 236-242 p.
Keyword [en]
Decision time, Acute coronary syndrome
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-135570DOI: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2008.11.176ISI: 000278532900005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-135570DiVA: diva2:377549
Available from: 2010-12-14 Created: 2010-12-07 Last updated: 2012-07-11Bibliographically approved

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Lindahl, Bertil
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Department of Medical SciencesUCR-Uppsala Clinical Research Center
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