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Synthesis of cellulose-calcium silicate nanocomposites in ethanol/water mixed solvents and their characterization
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Materials Chemistry, Structural Chemistry.
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2010 (English)In: Carbohydrate Polymers, ISSN 0144-8617, E-ISSN 1879-1344, Vol. 80, no 1, 270-275 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Cellulose-calcium silicate nanocomposites with calcium silicate nanoparticles homogeneously dispersed in the cellulose matrix have been successfully synthesized using cellulose solution, Ca(NO3)(2)center dot 4H(2)O and Na2SiO3 center dot 9H(2)O in ethanol/water mixed solvents at room temperature for 24 h. The cellulose solution was previously prepared by the dissolution of cellulose in a solvent system of N,N-dimethylacetamide (DMAc)/lithium chloride (LiCl). The feeding order had an influence on the morphology of the cellulose-calcium silicate nanocomposites and the size of the calcium silicate particles. The cellulose in nanocomposites showed cellulose type II crystalline structure. The products were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetric analysis (TG), differential scanning calorimetric analysis (DSC), Fourier transform infrared spectrometry (FT-IR), energy-dispersive X-ray spectra (EDS), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 80, no 1, 270-275 p.
Keyword [en]
Cellulose, Calcium silicate, Nanocomposite
National Category
Inorganic Chemistry
Research subject
Chemistry with specialization in Inorganic Chemistry
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-137154DOI: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2009.11.024ISI: 000275080600037OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-137154DiVA: diva2:377951
Available from: 2010-12-15 Created: 2010-12-15 Last updated: 2010-12-21Bibliographically approved

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Zhu, Jie-Fang
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