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Increasing intravenous glucose load in the presence of normoglycemia: Effect on outcome and metabolism in critically ill rabbits
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2010 (English)In: Critical Care Medicine, ISSN 0090-3493, E-ISSN 1530-0293, Vol. 38, no 2, 602-611 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives: Endocrine disturbances and a feeding-resistant wasting syndrome, characterized by a negative protein balance, promote delayed recovery and poor outcome of critical illness. Parenteral nutrition alone cannot counteract the hypercatabolic state, possibly in part as a result of aggravation of the hyperglycemic response to illness. In critically ill rabbits, we investigated the impact of varying amounts of intravenous glucose while maintaining normoglycemia on mortality, organ damage, and markers of catabolism/anabolism. Design: Prospective, randomized laboratory investigation. Setting: University animal and molecular laboratory. Subjects: Three-month-old male rabbits. Interventions: Critically ill rabbits were randomized into a fasting group, a standard parenteral nutrition group, and two groups receiving either intermediate or high additional physiological amounts of intravenous glucose while maintained normoglycemic with insulin. These groups were compared with a hyperglycemic group and healthy rabbits. Protein and lipid load was equal for all fed groups. Measurements and Main Results: Varying intravenous glucose load did not affect mortality or organ damage provided hyperglycemia was prevented. Fasted critically ill rabbits lost weight, which was attenuated by increasing intravenous glucose load. As compared with healthy rabbits, mRNA expression and/or activity of several ubiquitin-proteasome pathway components, cathepsin-L and calpain-1, was elevated in skeletal muscle of fasted critically ill rabbits. Intravenous feeding was able to counteract this response. Excessive glucose load and/or hyperglycemia, however, reduced the protective effect of feeding. Genes investigated in the diaphragm and myocardium revealed roughly a similar response. Except in the normoglycemic group with intermediate glucose load, circulating thyroid hormone and insulin-like growth factor-1 levels decreased, most pronounced in hyperglycemic rabbits. Conclusions: Increasing intravenous glucose infusion within the physiological range, while maintaining normoglycemia, was safe for organ function and survival of critically ill rabbits. Concomitantly, it reduced the catabolic responses as compared with fasting. Whether this has a beneficial effect on muscle function and mass remains to be investigated.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 38, no 2, 602-611 p.
Keyword [en]
critical illness, intravenous nutrition, muscle catabolism, hyperglycemia, insulin
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-137417DOI: 10.1097/CCM.0b013e3181c03f65ISI: 000273927700033OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-137417DiVA: diva2:378080
Available from: 2010-12-15 Created: 2010-12-15 Last updated: 2010-12-15Bibliographically approved

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