Cloning and structural analysis of two highly divergent IgA isotypes, IgA1 and IgA2 from the duck billed platypus, Ornithorhynchus anatinus
2010 (English)In: Molecular Immunology, ISSN 0161-5890, E-ISSN 1872-9142, Vol. 47, no 4, 785-791 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
To trace the emergence of modern IgA isotypes during vertebrate evolution we have studied the immunoglobulin repertoire of a model monotreme, the platypus. Two highly divergent IgA-like isotypes (IgA1 and IgA2) were identified and their primary structures were determined from full-length cDNAs. A comparative analysis of the amino acid sequences for IgA from various animal species showed that the two platypus IgA isotypes form a branch clearly separated from their eutherian (placental) counterparts. However, they still conform to the general structure of eutherian IgA, with a hinge region and three constant domains. This indicates that the deletion of the second domain and the formation of a hinge region in IgA did occur very early during mammalian evolution, more than 166 million years ago. The two IgA isotypes in platypus differ in primary structure and appear to have arisen from a very early gene duplication, possibly preceding the metatherian eutherian split. Interestingly, one of these isotypes, IgA1, appears to be expressed in only the platypus, but is present in the echidna based on Southern blot analysis. The platypus may require a more effective mucosal immunity, with two highly divergent IgA forms, than the terrestrial echidna, due to its lifestyle, where it is exposed to pathogens both on land and in the water.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 47, no 4, 785-791 p.
Monotreme, IgA, IgG2, Mucosal immunity, Evolution, Platypus, Echidna
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-137556DOI: 10.1016/j.molimm.2009.10.007ISI: 000274507400019PubMedID: 19913303OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-137556DiVA: diva2:378474