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Hepatic drug metabolizing profile of Flinders Sensitive Line rat model of depression
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmaceutical Biosciences.
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2010 (English)In: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry, ISSN 0278-5846, E-ISSN 1878-4216, Vol. 34, no 6, 1075-1084 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Flinders Sensitive Line (FSL) rat model of depression exhibits some behavioral, neurochemical, and pharmacological features that have been reported in depressed patients and has been very effective in screening antidepressants. Major factor that determines the effectiveness and toxicity of a drug is the drug metabolizing capacity of the liver. Therefore, in order to discriminate possible differentiation in the hepatic drug metabolism between FSL rats and Sprague Dawley (SD) controls, their hepatic metabolic profile was investigated in this study. The data showed decreased glutathione (GSH) content and glutathione S-transferase (GST) activity and lower expression of certain major CYP enzymes, including the CYP2B1, CYP2C11 and CYP2D1 in FSL rats compared to SD controls. In contrast, p-nitrophenol hydroxylase (PNP), 7ethoxyresorufin-O-dealkylase (EROD) and 16 alpha-testosterone hydroxylase activities were higher in FSL rats. Interestingly, the wide spread environmental pollutant benzo(alpha)pyrene (B(alpha)P) induced CYP1A1, CYP1A2, CYP2B1/2 and ALDH3c at a lesser extend in FSL than in SD rats, whereas the antidepressant mirtazapine (MIRT) up-regulated CYP1A1/2, CYP2C11, CYP2D1, CYP2E1 and CYP3A1/2, mainly, in FSL rats. The drug also further increased ALDH3c whereas suppressed GSH content in B(a)P-exposed FSL rats. In conclusion, several key enzymes of the hepatic biotransformation machinery are differentially expressed in FSL than in SD rats, a condition that may influence the outcome of drug therapy. The MIRT-induced up-regulation of several drug-metabolizing enzymes indicates the critical role of antidepressant treatment that should be always taken into account in the designing of treatment and interpretation of insufficient pharmacotherapy or drug toxicity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 34, no 6, 1075-1084 p.
Keyword [en]
Cytochromes, Depression, Drug metabolism, FSL, Mirtazapine, Rat
National Category
Pharmacology and Toxicology Pharmaceutical Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-137709DOI: 10.1016/j.pnpbp.2010.05.029ISI: 000281187800042OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-137709DiVA: diva2:379006
Available from: 2010-12-16 Created: 2010-12-15 Last updated: 2010-12-16Bibliographically approved

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Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry
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