Temporal changes in genetic diversity of isolated populations of perch and roach
2010 (English)In: Conservation Genetics, ISSN 1566-0621, E-ISSN 1572-9737, Vol. 11, no 1, 249-255 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Genetic drift, together with natural selection and gene flow, affects genetic variation and is the major source of changes in allele frequencies in small and isolated populations. Temporal shifts in allele frequencies at five polymorphic loci were used to estimate the amount of genetic drift in an isolated population of perch (Perca fluviatilis L.) and roach (Rutilus rutilus L.). Here, I used the populations from the Biotest basin at Forsmark, Sweden, to investigate genetic diversity between 1977 and 2000, during which time the population can be considered to be totally isolated from other populations. Microsatellite data reveal stable levels of gene diversity over time for both species. Estimates of genetic differentiation (F-ST) showed a significant divergence between 1977 and 2000 for both perch and roach. A positive correlation between genetic distance and time was found (Mantel test, perch: r = 0.724, P = 0.0112; roach: r = 0.59, P = 0.036). Estimates of effective population size (N-e) differed with a factor six between two different estimators (NeEstimator and TempoFS) applying the temporal method. Ratios of Ne/N ranged between 10(-2) and 10(-3), values normally found in marine species. Despite low Ne the populations have not lost their evolutionary potential due to drift. But two decades of isolation have lead to isolation by time for populations of perch and roach, respectively.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 11, no 1, 249-255 p.
Temporal variation, Effective population size, Genetic diversity, Isolation by time, Perch, Roach
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-137834DOI: 10.1007/s10592-009-0027-6ISI: 000273744300021OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-137834DiVA: diva2:379224