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Effectiveness of maternal referral system in a rural setting: a case study from Rufiji district, Tanzania
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health. (Internationell kvinno- och mödrahälsovård/Essén)
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health. (Internationell kvinno- och mödrahälsovård/Essén)
Department of Community Health, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. (Internationell kvinno- och mödrahälsovård/Essén)
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health. (Internationell kvinno- och mödrahälsovård/Essén)
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2010 (English)In: BMC Health Services Research, ISSN 1472-6963, Vol. 10, 326- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: The functional referral system is important in backing-up antenatal, labour and delivery, and postnatal services in the primary level of care facilities. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the maternal referral system through determining proportion of women reaching the hospitals after referral advice, appropriateness of the referral indications, reasons for non-compliance and to find out if compliance to referrals makes a difference in the perinatal outcome. METHODS: A follow-up study was conducted in Rufiji rural district in Tanzania. A total of 1538 women referred from 18 primary level of care facilities during a 13 months period were registered and then identified at hospitals. Those not reaching the hospitals were traced and interviewed. RESULTS: Out of 1538 women referred 70% were referred for demographic risks, 12% for obstetric historical risks, 12% for prenatal complications and 5.5% for natal and immediate postnatal complications. Five or more pregnancies as well as age <20 years were the most common referral indications. The compliance rate was 37% for women referred due to demographic risks and more than 50% among women referred in the other groups. Among women who did not comply with referral advice, almost half of them mentioned financial constraints as the major factor. Lack of compliance with the referral did not significantly increase the risk for a perinatal death. CONCLUSION: Majority of the maternal referrals were due to demographic risks, where few women complied. To improve compliance to maternal referrals there is need to review the referral indications and strengthen counseling on birth preparedness and complication readiness.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 10, 326- p.
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Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-138856DOI: 10.1186/1472-6963-10-326ISI: 000285425600001PubMedID: 21129178OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-138856DiVA: diva2:380101
Available from: 2010-12-20 Created: 2010-12-20 Last updated: 2011-01-24Bibliographically approved

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