Physical capacity, respiratory quotient and energy expenditure during exercise in male patients with schizophrenia compared with healthy controls
2012 (English)In: European psychiatry, ISSN 0924-9338, Vol. 27, no 3, 206-212 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Despite massive research on weight gain and metabolic complications in schizophrenia there are few studies on energy expenditure and no current data on physical capacity. AIM: To determine oxygen uptake capacity, respiratory quotient (RQ) and energy expenditure during a submaximal exercise test in patients with schizophrenia and healthy controls.
Ten male patients and 10 controls were included. RQ and energy expenditure were investigated with indirect calorimetry during a cycle ergometer test. The submaximal work level was defined by heart rate and perceived exhaustion. Physical capacity was determined from predicted maximal oxygen uptake capacity (VO(2-max)).
The patients exhibited significantly higher RQ on submaximal workloads and lower physical capacity. A significant lower calculated VO(2-max) remained after correction for body weight and fat free mass (FFM). Energy expenditure did not differ on fixed workloads.
RQ was rapidly increasing in the patients during exercise indicating a faster transition to carbohydrate oxidation and anaerobic metabolism that also implies a performance closer to maximal oxygen uptake even at submaximal loads. This may restrict the capacity for everyday activity and exercise and thus contribute to the risk for weight gain. Physical capacity was consequently significantly lower in the patients.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 27, no 3, 206-212 p.
Schizophrenia, Physical capacity, Respiratory quotient, Oxygen uptakecapacity, Energy expenditure, Body weight
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-138990DOI: 10.1016/j.eurpsy.2010.06.007ISI: 000302516500008PubMedID: 20970966OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-138990DiVA: diva2:380538