Gender Equality in Swedish Higher Education: Patterns and Shifts
2011 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, ISSN 0031-3831, E-ISSN 1470-1170, Vol. 55, no 2, 165-179 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In most European countries, more women than men attend undergraduate Higher Education (HE) and more women than men obtain degrees. In Sweden the proportion of female students has long been in the vicinity of 51-60%. The number of doctoral entrants and degrees meet a “balanced gender criterion”, defined as no sex constituting more than 60% of the population. Still the unequal gender structure of higher positions persists: men tend to hold the top positions, especially as professors. Explaining this inertia is the main theme of the article. Differences between horizontal and vertical analyses are focused, and changes due to gender balance 1990-2007 are shown. Variations in career patterns over research areas are highlighted. Finally, hypotheses are formulated and approaches for further studies on gender balance in HE are discussed.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 55, no 2, 165-179 p.
academic career, equality in education, higher education, discrimination
Pedagogy Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalization Studies)
Research subject Education; Political Science
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-139432DOI: 10.1080/00313831.2011.554697ISI: 000289582500004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-139432DiVA: diva2:381262
ProjectsJämställdheten och akademin: När vilja och val möter hinder, möjligheter och motstånd