Dabigatran and Warfarin in Vitamin K Antagonist-Naive and -Experienced Cohorts With Atrial Fibrillation
2010 (English)In: Circulation, ISSN 0009-7322, E-ISSN 1524-4539, Vol. 122, no 22, 2246-2253 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background-The comparison of anticoagulants dabigatran and warfarin might be most equitable in vitamin K antagonist (VKA)-naive patients. Methods and Results-Warfarin and 2 doses of dabigatran-110 mg BID (D110) and 150 mg BID (D150)-were compared in a balanced population of VKA-naive (<= 62 days of lifetime VKA exposure, with 33% never prescribed a VKA) and VKA-experienced patients with atrial fibrillation (n=18 113). For VKA-naive and -experienced patients assigned warfarin, the time in therapeutic range (international normalized ratio 2.0 to 3.0) was 62% and 67%, respectively, and 61% and 66% for those never and ever prescribed a VKA. In VKA-naive patients, stroke and systemic embolism rates were 1.57%, 1.07%, and 1.69% per year for D110, D150, and warfarin, respectively. D110 was similar to warfarin (P=0.65); D150 was superior (P=0.005). Major bleeding rates were 3.11%, 3.34%, and 3.57% per year, respectively. D110 and D150 were similar to warfarin (P=0.19 and P=0.55). Intracranial bleeding rates were 0.19%, 0.33%, and 0.73% per year, respectively. D110 and D150 were lower than warfarin (P<0.001 and P=0.005). In VKA-experienced patients, stroke and systemic embolism rates were 1.51%, 1.15%, and 1.74% per year for D110, D150, and warfarin, respectively. D110 was similar to warfarin (P=0.32); D150 was superior (P=0.007). Major bleeding rates were 2.66%, 3.30%, and 3.57% per year, respectively. D110 was lower than warfarin (P=0.003); D150 was similar (P=0.41). Intracranial bleeding rates were 0.26%, 0.32%, and 0.79% per year, respectively. D110 and D150 were lower than warfarin (P<0.001 for both). Results were similar for patients never on a VKA. Conclusions-Previous VKA exposure does not influence the benefits of dabigatran at either dose compared with warfarin.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 122, no 22, 2246-2253 p.
anticoagulants, arrhythmia, atrial fibrillation, stroke, prevention
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-139475DOI: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.110.973735ISI: 000284691700012PubMedID: 21147728OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-139475DiVA: diva2:381421