Engagement of activin and bone morphogenetic protein signaling pathway Smad proteins in the induction of inhibin B production in ovarian granulosa cells
2002 (English)In: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology, ISSN 0303-7207, E-ISSN 1872-8057, Vol. 195, no 1-2, 79-88 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In the mammalian ovary cell growth and differentiation is regulated by several members of the transforming growth factor beta (TGF beta) superfamily including activins, inhibins, growth differentiation factors and bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs). The effects of TGF beta family members are mediated to the target cells via heteromeric complexes of type I and II serine/threonine kinase receptors which activate Smad signaling protein pathways in various cell types. We have previously shown that inhibin B, a hormonally important product from human granulosa cells, is up regulated by activin and BMPs. Here, we report the use of adenoviral gene transfer methodology to manipulate the TGF beta growth factor signaling system in primary cultures of human granulosa cells. These cells are exceedingly difficult to transfect by conventional transfection methods, but were virtually 100% infected with recombinant adenoviruses expressing green fluorescent protein (GFP). Adenoviruses expressing constitutively active forms of the seven known mammalian type I activin receptor-like kinase receptors (Ad-caALK1 through Ad-caALK7) cause activation of endogenous and adenovirally transferred Smad signaling proteins so that Ad-caALK1/2/3/6 and Ad-caALK4/5/7 induced phosphorylation of the Smad1 and Smad2 pathways, respectively. Activin A and BMP-2 activated the Smad1 and Smad2 pathways as well as inhibin B production as did all the Ad-caALKs. Furthermore, overexpression of adenoviral Smad1 and Smad2 proteins without exogenously added ligands induced inhibin B production. The inhibitory Smad7 protein suppressed BMP-2 and activin induced inhibin B production. Collectively, the present data demonstrate that adenoviral gene transfer provides an effective approach for dissecting the TGF beta signaling pathways in primary ovarian cells in vitro and more specifically indicate that the Smad1 and Smad2 pathways are involved in the regulation of inhibin B production by TGF beta family ligands in the ovary.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 195, no 1-2, 79-88 p.
Activins/*pharmacology, Adult, Bone Morphogenetic Proteins/*pharmacology, DNA-Binding Proteins/genetics/metabolism/*physiology, Female, Gene Expression Regulation, Granulosa Cells/*metabolism, Humans, Inhibins/*biosynthesis, Signal Transduction/drug effects, Smad Proteins, Smad1 Protein, Smad2 Protein, Trans-Activators/genetics/metabolism/*physiology, Transduction; Genetic, Transforming Growth Factor beta/physiology
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-10426DOI: 10.1016/S0303-7207(02)00219-8PubMedID: 12354674OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-10426DiVA: diva2:38194