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Political factors affecting AML/CFT in post-communist Eurasia: the case of Georgia
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
Institute for Security and Development Policy.
2009 (English)In: Journal of Money Laundering Control, ISSN 1368-5201, Vol. 12, no 1, 59-73 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of anti-money laundering (AML) efforts and high-risk sectors in Georgia, and explain changes in this field over time.

Design/methodology/approach – This case-study draws on a political economy-approach, based on the argument that “political will” provides the best explanation for the quality of AML efforts in transitional economies, as opposed to “technical assistance” or the sophistication of the domestic financial system.

Findings – The study finds that AML efforts have drastically improved in Georgia following the Rose Revolution, even though significant high-risk sectors remain and a certain tendency towards “selective implementation” of AML regulations can be detected.

Research limitations/implications – Implies that the “political will” of the ruling elite and the promotion thereof should be increasingly incorporated into research on AML, especially as regards explaining the quality of implementation and enforcement of existing laws.

Practical implications – Implies that technical peer evaluations resulting in “naming and shaming” of jurisdictions that do not live up to international AML standards may not in and by themselves be enough to further efficient implementation, but need to be complemented by policies creating incentives for the domestic political elite to encourage de facto implementation of de jureregulations.

Originality/value – Provides the first comprehensive overview of AML efforts in Georgia and points to important explanatory factors underlying changes in this field.


Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Henry Stewart , 2009. Vol. 12, no 1, 59-73 p.
Keyword [en]
Georgia, money laundering, law enforcement, government policy
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalization Studies) Law (excluding Law and Society)
Research subject
Political Science
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-139852OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-139852DiVA: diva2:382238
Available from: 2010-12-30 Created: 2010-12-30 Last updated: 2011-01-03Bibliographically approved

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