Functional Heterogeneity of Photosystem II in Domain Specific Regions of the Thylakoid Membrane of Spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.)
2007 (English)In: Biochemistry, ISSN 0006-2960, E-ISSN 1520-4995, Vol. 46, no 11, 3443-3453 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A mild sonication and phase fractionation method has been used to isolate five regions of the thylakoid membrane in order to characterize the functional lateral heterogeneity of photosynthetic reaction centers and light harvesting complexes. Low-temperature fluorescence and absorbance spectra, absorbance cross-section measurements, and picosecond time-resolved fluorescence decay kinetics were used to determine the relative amounts of photosystem II (PSII) and photosystem I (PSI), to determine the relative PSII antenna size, and to characterize the excited-state dynamics of PSI and PSII in each fraction. Marked progressive increases in the proportion of PSI complexes were observed in the following sequence: grana core (BS), whole grana (B3), margins (MA), stroma lamellae (T3), and purified stromal fraction (Y100). PSII antenna size was drastically reduced in the margins of the grana stack and stroma lamellae fractions as compared to the grana. Picosecond time-resolved fluorescence decay kinetics of PSII were characterized by three exponential decay components in the grana fractions, and were found to have only two decay components with slower lifetimes in the stroma. Results are discussed in the framework of existing models of chloroplast thylakoid membrane lateral heterogeneity and the PSII repair cycle. Kinetic modeling of the PSII fluorescence decay kinetics revealed that PSII populations in the stroma and grana margin fractions possess much slower primary charge separation rates and decreased photosynthetic efficiency when compared to PSII populations in the grana stack.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 46, no 11, 3443-3453 p.
Chemical Sciences Biological Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-10567DOI: 10.1021/bi061964rISI: 000244854800053PubMedID: 17302435OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-10567DiVA: diva2:38335