The formation of the split EPR signal from the S-3 state of Photosystem II does not involve primary charge separation
2011 (English)In: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Bioenergetics, ISSN 0005-2728, E-ISSN 1879-2650, Vol. 1807, no 1, 11-21 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Metalloradical EPR signals have been found in intact Photosystem II at cryogenic temperatures. They reflect the light-driven formation of the tyrosine Z radical (Y-z(center dot)) in magnetic interaction with the CaMn4 cluster in a particular S state. These so-called split EPR signals, induced at cryogenic temperatures, provide means to study the otherwise transient Y-z(center dot) and to probe the S states with EPR spectroscopy. In the S-0 and S-1 states, the respective split signals are induced by illumination of the sample in the visible light range only. In the S-3 state the split EPR signal is induced irrespective of illumination wavelength within the entire 415-900 nm range (visible and near-IR region) [Su, J. H., Havelius, K. G. V., Ho, F. M., Han, G., Mamedov, F., and Styring, S. (2007) Biochemistry 46. 10703-10712]. An important question is whether a single mechanism can explain the induction of the Split S-3 signal across the entire wavelength range or whether wavelength-dependent mechanisms are required. In this paper we confirm that the Y-z(center dot) radical formation in the S-1 state, reflected in the Split S-1 signal, is driven by P680-centered charge separation. The situation in the S-3 state is different. In Photosystem II centers with pre-reduced quinone A (Q(A)), where the P680-centered charge separation is blocked, the Split S-3 EPR signal could still be induced in the majority of the Photosystem II centers using both visible and NIR (830 nm) light. This shows that P680-centered charge separation is not involved. The amount of oxidized electron donors and reduced electron acceptors (Q(A)(-)) was well correlated after visible light illumination at cryogenic temperatures in the S-1 state. This was not the case in the S-3 state, where the Split S-3 EPR signal was formed in the majority of the centers in a pathway other than P680-centered charge separation. Instead, we propose that one mechanism exists over the entire wavelength interval to drive the formation of the Split S-3 signal. The origin for this, probably involving excitation of one of the Mn ions in the CaMn4 cluster in Photosystem II, is discussed.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 1807, no 1, 11-21 p.
Photosystem II, EPR, S-3 state, Near-infrared, Split signal
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-140965DOI: 10.1016/j.bbabio.2010.09.006ISI: 000285121300002PubMedID: 20863810OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-140965DiVA: diva2:384678