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Chapter 4:  Epidemiology of OSA
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Respiratory Medicine and Allergology.
2010 (English)In: Sleep Apnoea / [ed] W.T. McNicholas & M.R. Bonsignore, Sheffield: European Respiratory Society Journals , 2010, Vol. 50, no 4, 51-68 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Approximately 3–7% of adult males and 2–5% of adult females in western countries and Asia suffer from symptomatic obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) and are therefore candidates for treatment. In addition, a large percentage of individuals suffer from either snoring in combination with sleepiness or OSA without overt daytime symptoms. The clinical significance of this is still controversial.Sex, obesity and age are all important risk factors for OSA. Moreover, smoking, alcohol consumption and physical inactivity appear to increase the occurrence of the disorder.

The relationship between OSA and daytime hypersomnolence is not completely understood. Most subjects with verified OSA do not report daytime sleepiness and there is increasing evidence that snoring without apnoeas or hypopnoeas might also relate to sleepiness.Cross-sectional studies indicate an independent link between diabetes and OSA but this has not yet been confirmed in longitudinal surveys.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sheffield: European Respiratory Society Journals , 2010. Vol. 50, no 4, 51-68 p.
Series
European respiratory monograph, ISSN 1025-448X ; 50(4)
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-141005DOI: 10.1183/1025448x.00025909ISBN: 978-1-849840-07-1 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-141005DiVA: diva2:384755
Available from: 2011-01-10 Created: 2011-01-10 Last updated: 2011-10-10Bibliographically approved

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