Nutritional treatment of patients with severe traumatic brain injury during the first six months after injury
2007 (English)In: Nutrition Journal, ISSN 1475-2891, Vol. 23, no 4, 308-317 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Objective: This study explored current nutritional treatment policies and nutritional outcome in patients with severe traumatic brain injury. Methods: We performed a retrospective, structured survey of the medical records of 64 patients up to 6 months after injury or until the patients were independent in nutritional administration. Results: Enteral nutrition was administered to 86% of patients. Fourteen patients (22%) had a gastrostomy; after 6 months four were still in use. At 6 months, 92% of patients received all food orally and 84% had gained nutritional independence. Energy intake was equal to the calculated basal metabolic rate throughout the first month after injury and increased by 21% during the second month. Sixty-eight percent exhibited signs of malnourishment with weight losses of 10-29%. Conclusion: This study suggests that most patients with severe traumatic brain injury regain their nutritional independence within the first 6 months after injury, but also that most develop signs of malnutrition.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 23, no 4, 308-317 p.
Traumatic brain injury, Parenteral nutrition, Enteral nutrition, Oral feeding, Level of independence, Malnutrition
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-10739DOI: 10.1016/j.nut.2007.01.010ISI: 000245848800005PubMedID: 17369022OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-10739DiVA: diva2:38507