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Understanding causes of war and peace
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
2008 (English)In: European Journal of International Relations, ISSN 1354-0661, E-ISSN 1460-3713, Vol. 14, no 1, 133-160 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

There is a conceptual gap between causes-of-war research and conflict resolution research. This article introduces a macro-level conceptual framework to facilitate analysis of the outbreak, conduct and resolution of armed conflict within states. Three arguments are advanced, linked to the three questions Why do people start fighting?, Why do people stop fighting? and How can peace be made durable? The first argument is that people take to arms because they have Reasons in the form of grievances and goals, Resources in the form of capabilities and opportunities, and Resolve because they see no alternative to violence in order to address grievances and attain goals. Second, the Triple-R concepts also explain the 'outbreak of peace', that is, war termination and peace-building. Third, variations in the dependent variable-different degrees of peace; here termed Triple-M (Mutually Hurting Stalemate, Mutually Enticing Opportunities and Mutually Obtained Rewards)-are explained by changes within those three clusters of explanatory factors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 14, no 1, 133-160 p.
Keyword [en]
civil war, conflict resolution, reasons, resources, resolve
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalization Studies)
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-141539DOI: 10.1177/1354066107087765ISI: 000254632500005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-141539DiVA: diva2:385799
Available from: 2011-01-12 Created: 2011-01-12 Last updated: 2011-01-12Bibliographically approved

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Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalization Studies)

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