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Relative biological effectiveness of the alpha-particle emitter At-211 for double-strand break induction in human fibroblasts
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Oncology, Radiology and Clinical Immunology, Biomedical Radiation Sciences. (BMS)
2007 (English)In: Radiation Research, ISSN 0033-7587, E-ISSN 1938-5404, Vol. 167, no 3, 312-318 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study was to quantify and to determine the distribution of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) in human cells irradiated in vitro and to evaluate the relative biological effectiveness (RBE) of the alpha-particle emitter (211)At for DSB induction. The influence of the irradiation temperature on the induction of DSBs was also investigated. Human fibroblasts were irradiated as intact cells with alpha particles from (211)At, (60)Co gamma rays and X rays. The numbers and distributions of DSBs were determined by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis with fragment analysis for separation of DNA fragments in sizes 10 kbp-5.7 Mbp. A non-random distribution was found for DSB induction after irradiation with alpha particles from (211)At, while irradiation with low-LET radiation led to more random distributions. The RBEs for DSB induction were 2.1 and 3.1 for (60)Co gamma rays and X rays as the reference radiation, respectively. In the experiments studying temperature effects, nuclear monolayers were irradiated with (211)At alpha particles or (60)Co gamma rays at 2 degrees C or 37 degrees C and intact cells were irradiated with (211)At alpha particles at the same temperatures. The dose-modifying factor (DMF(temp)) for irradiation of nuclear monolayers at 37 degrees C compared with 2 degrees C was 1.7 for (211)At alpha particles and 1.6 for (60)Co gamma rays. No temperature effect was observed for intact cells irradiated with (211)At. In conclusion, irradiation with alpha particles from (211)At induced two to three times more DSB than gamma rays and X rays.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 167, no 3, 312-318 p.
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Medical and Health Sciences
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URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-10865DOI: 10.1667/RR0668.1ISI: 000244876600008PubMedID: 17316073OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-10865DiVA: diva2:38633
Available from: 2007-04-26 Created: 2007-04-26 Last updated: 2017-12-11Bibliographically approved

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Stenerlöw, Bo

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