Geographic and phylogenetic patterns in Silene section Melandrium (Caryophyllaceae) as inferred from chloroplast and nuclear DNA sequences
2010 (English)In: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, ISSN 1055-7903, E-ISSN 1095-9513, Vol. 57, no 3, 978-991 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The phylogenetic relationships between the five dioecious species in Silene section Melandrium (Caryophyllaceae) and their putative hermaphrodite relatives are investigated based on an extensive geographic and taxonomic sample, using DNA sequence data from the chloroplast genome and the nuclear ribosomal ITS region. The hermaphrodite S. noctiflora (the type species of section Elisanthe) is distantly related to the dioecious species. With the exception of chloroplast sequences in one S. latifolia population from Turkey, the dioecious taxa form a strongly supported monophyletic group (Silene section Melandrium). The phylogenetic structure within section Melandrium differs between chloroplast and nuclear sequences. While there is extensive sharing of chloroplast haplotypes among all the dioecious species (the observed patterns reflect geographic structure), the nuclear ITS phylogeny shows a higher degree of taxonomic structure. Chloroplast-sharing by the section Melandrium species is most plausibly explained by a history of hybridization and extensive backcrossing.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 57, no 3, 978-991 p.
Chloroplast DNA, Incongruence between nuclear and plastid phylogenies, Introgression, ITS, Relative dating, Section Elisanthe, Section Melandrium, Silene
Research subject Biology with specialization in Systematics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-141895DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2010.08.003ISI: 000285231500002PubMedID: 20723610OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-141895DiVA: diva2:386560