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Do episodes of peer victimization trigger physical injury?: A case-crossover study of Swedish school children
Karolinska Institutet, Department of Public Health Sciences, Division of Social Medicine, Stockholm.
2005 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 33, no 1, 19-25 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]


The aim of this study was to investigate how long the effect of peer victimization on the occurrence of physical injury lasts and whether the effect varies according to how frequently an injured child is victimized.


A case-crossover design was employed. Children aged 10-15 years residing in Stockholm County during two consecutive school years were eligible as cases. Further inclusion criteria were that the children had been hospitalized or called back for a medical check-up due to a physical injury. Information on children's exposure to peer victimization at school was gathered in interviews, and on their social characteristics through a questionnaire filled in by parents. A total of 575 children were included.


Our analyses show that there is an increase in risk of unintentional injury after an episode of peer victimization shortly after the end of exposure to victimization (RR = 5.5) but not thereafter. The risk is substantially higher among children seldom victimized (RR = 49.9) than among those victimized on a more regular basis (RR = 2.5). The extent to which family social circumstances modify the risk is difficult to establish from the material at hand.


Peer victimization may trigger the occurrence of unintentional injuries in childhood and the effect is short lasting. The results need to be replicated and special attention should be given to separating lesson time from break time to avoid confounding by time of day.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 33, no 1, 19-25 p.
Keyword [en]
bullying, case-crossover design, injury mechanism, injury trigger, peer victimization, school children, socioeconomic position
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-142248DOI: 10.1080/14034940410028253PubMedID: 15764237OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-142248DiVA: diva2:387170
Available from: 2011-01-13 Created: 2011-01-13 Last updated: 2013-11-27Bibliographically approved

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