Assessing the molecular genetics of the development of executive attention in children: focus on genetic pathways related to the anterior cingulate cortex and dopamine
2009 (English)In: Neuroscience, ISSN 0306-4522, E-ISSN 1873-7544, Vol. 164, no 1, 241-246 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
It is well known that children show gradual and protracted improvement in an array of behaviors involved in the conscious control of thought and emotion. Non-invasive neuroimaging in developing populations has revealed many neural correlates of behavior, particularly in the developing cingulate cortex and frontostriatal circuits. These brain regions, themselves, undergo protracted molecular and cellular change in the first two decades of human development and, as such, are ideal regions of interest for cognitive- and imaging-genetic studies that seek to link processes at the biochemical and synaptic levels to brain activity and behavior. We review our research to date that employs both adult and child-friendly versions of the attention network task (ANT) in an effort to begin to describe the role of specific genes in the assembly of a functional attention system. Presently, we constrain our predictions for genetic association studies by focusing on the role of the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) and of dopamine in the development of executive attention.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 164, no 1, 241-246 p.
genetic, brain, dopamine, child, development, cingulate
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-142174DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroscience.2009.01.029ISI: 000271609000020OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-142174DiVA: diva2:387363