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Temperature measurements in a linear generator and marine substation for wave power
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Electricity.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Electricity.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Electricity.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Electricity.
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Abstract [en]

This paper analyzes temperature measurements acquired in offshore operation of a wave energy converter array. The three directly driven wave energy converters have linear generators and are connected to a marine substation placed on the seabed. The highly irregular individual linear generator voltages are rectified and added on a common DC-link and inverted to 50 Hz to facilitate future grid-connection. The electrical power is transmitted to shore and converted to heat in a measuring station. First results of temperature measurements on substation components and on the stator of one of the linear generators are presented from operation in linear and in non-linear damping. Results indicate that there might be some convective heat transport in the substation vessel. If high power levels are extracted from the waves, this has to be considered when placing components in the substation vessel to avoid heating from neighbouring components. The results also indicate that the temperature increase in the linear generator stator is very small. Failure due to excessive heating of the stator winding PVC cable insulation is unlikely to occur even in very energetic sea states. Should this conclusion be incorrect, the thermal conductivity between the stator and the hull of the WEC could be enhanced. Another suggested alteration would be to lower the resistive losses by reducing the linear generator current density.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. 545-552 p.
National Category
Engineering and Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-142500ISI: 000290556500066ISBN: 978-0-7918-4911-8OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-142500DiVA: diva2:387528
29th ASME International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering Shanghai, PEOPLES R CHINA, JUN 06-11, 2010 ASME, Ocean, Offshore, & Arctic Engn Div
Available from: 2011-01-14 Created: 2011-01-14 Last updated: 2016-04-18Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Experimental results from the Lysekil Wave Power Research Site
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Experimental results from the Lysekil Wave Power Research Site
2012 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis presents how experimental results, from wave power research performed offshore at the Lysekil research site, were obtained. The data were used to verify theoretical models as well as evaluate the feasibility of wave power as a future sustainable energy source.

The first experiments carried out at the research site was the measurement of the force in a line where one end was connected to a buoy with a diameter of 3 m and the other end to a set of springs with limited stroke length. The system is exposed to high peak forces compared to average forces. The maximum measured force in the line, when the buoy motion is limited by a stiff stopper rope is ten times the average force in that particular sea state.

The experiment performed on the first wave energy converter tested at the Lysekil Research Site is described. The infrastructure of the site is presented where the central connection point is the measuring station. The key finding is that it is possible to transform the motions of ocean waves into electrical energy and distribute it to land.

Many wave energy converters must be interconnected if large amounts of energy are to be harvested from the waves. The first submerged substation intended for aggregation of energy from wave power converters is described, with focus on the measurement and control system placed inside the substation. During this experiment period the generators were equipped with many different sensors; these measurements are explained in the thesis.

The system that aggregates power from the studied wave energy converter is regularly exposed to peak power of up to 20 times the maximum average output from the converter.

Vertical and horizontal movement of the buoy has been measured in different ways. The result is that the vertical displacement of the buoy can be measured with a simple accelerometer circuit but it is much more complicated to measure the horizontal displacement. A special method for measuring the horizontal displacement has been implemented by measuring the strain in the enclosure and the force in the line.

Abstract [sv]

Den här avhandlingen berättar om hur experimenten vid Lysekils forskningsområde för vågkraft har utförts. Insamlade mätdata har använts för att verifiera teoretiska samband som modulerats vid Elektricitetslära, Uppsala universitet. De teoretiska och praktiska resultaten har visat på att vågkraft har förutsättningarna att implementeras som en hållbar framtida energikälla. Intressanta mätmetoder har utvecklas och påfrestningarna  på utrustningin och dess samband med medel effekten har studerats.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2012. 101 p.
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 957
Wave power, Lysekil, Marine Substation, Offshore measurement, strain gauge, lateral force, Invlination and azimuth angles, Wave energy converter, Temperature measurements, Inverter, Energy, Control sustem, CompactRIO, Vågkraft, Mätteknik, Styrsystem, Lysekil
National Category
Marine Engineering Energy Systems Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering Ocean and River Engineering Control Engineering
Research subject
Engineering Science
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-179098 (URN)978-91-554-8433-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2012-09-28, Polhem Å 10134, Ångströmlaboratoriet, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Uppsala, 13:00 (English)
Lysekils projektet
Swedish Research Council, grant no. 621-2009-3417
Available from: 2012-09-05 Created: 2012-08-07 Last updated: 2013-01-22

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