uu.seUppsala University Publications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
The role of parents' educational background in healthy lifestyle practices and attitudes of their 6-year-old children
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences. (Caring Sciences)
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health. (Allmänpediatrisk forskning/Nordvall)
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences. (Caring Sciences)
2007 (English)In: Public Health Nutrition, ISSN 1368-9800, E-ISSN 1475-2727, Vol. 10, no 11, 1305-1313 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective The aim of the present study was to examine parents' reported and desired frequencies (practices vs. attitudes) of their 6-year-old children's meals, nutritional intake and lifestyle components, as well as possible obstacles and desired support with respect to higher or lower educational backgrounds.

Design Cross-sectional questionnaire study.

Setting Five elementary schools in Uppsala, Sweden.

Subjects Parents of 176 6-year-old pupils attending the first grade. The total response rate was 89.7%.

Results Parents with a college degree reported that their 6-year-olds had a higher frequency of milk, fruit and vegetable intake, more physical activity and fewer hours watching television compared with parents with a secondary school degree. Congruent to these differences in reported practices, more parents with a college degree desired a higher frequency of milk, fruit and vegetable intake, more physical exercise and less television viewing for their children. Regarding parents' desired meal frequencies during the week, no differences between the groups with higher and lower levels of education were found. Despite similar attitudes, however, parents with a college degree reported that their children ate mostly all meals significantly more often during the week. Both parent groups stated lack of time as the most common obstacle in providing their children with desired lifestyle practices, although parents with a secondary school education added lack of money as a contributing factor.

Conclusions As attitudes are not always reflected in reported practices, it seems a fruitful approach to assess both, as well as obstacles perceived by parents, before planning interventions to enhance healthy lifestyle habits in children.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 10, no 11, 1305-1313 p.
Keyword [en]
Parents, Lifestyle, Practices, Attitudes, Educational background
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-11027DOI: 10.1017/S1368980007696396ISI: 000251245400015PubMedID: 17381933OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-11027DiVA: diva2:38795
Available from: 2008-06-25 Created: 2008-06-25 Last updated: 2017-12-11Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Parental Perspectives on Preschool Children’s Lifestyle: quantitative and qualitative aspects
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Parental Perspectives on Preschool Children’s Lifestyle: quantitative and qualitative aspects
2011 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Children’s lifestyle has changed significantly during the recent decades, with an increasing prevalence of obesity as one outcome. Parents are usually the most influential people in young children’s lives. The overall aim of this thesis was to investigate parental perspectives on factors associated with 3-6 year-old children’s lifestyle, regarding eating habits and physical activity. Another objective was to compare different approaches to conducting postal questionnaires in terms of response rate, time consumption and cost-efficiency. The samples in the four studies were parents of 6-year-olds (n=158), parents of 3-year-olds (n=873), parents of 4-year-olds (n=30) and parents of 3-year-olds (n=353). In the first study, a questionnaire regarding practices and attitudes towards their child’s lifestyle, perceived obstacles and desired support was used. The second study included the Swedish Parenthood Stress Questionnaire (SPSQ), the Relationship Questionnaire (RQ) and the CFQ (Child Feeding Questionnaire). Parents also reported their child’s TV-viewing habits. The child’s measured height, weight and BMI were obtained from a register, BASTA. In the third study, focus group interviews were performed. The fourth study investigated three types of consent given for participation in a survey. The results showed that parents’ attitudes towards children’s lifestyle, in general, were “healthier” than their reports of their child’s daily practices. The practices differed depending on the parents’ educational background. Significant and dose-dependant associations were found between perceived maternal stress and children’s overweight, but also underweight. Parents felt that they were mainly responsible for their preschool child’s lifestyle. However, parents described challenges that limited and obstructed them from providing their child with a healthy lifestyle, citing the need to receive professional and peer support, while also requesting support from society. Allowing respondents to actively decline participation yielded a higher response rate and proved to be the most cost-efficient method for conducting a postal questionnaire.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2011. 104 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Medicine, ISSN 1651-6206 ; 686
Keyword
eating habits, lifestyle, childhood overweight, parents, perspectives, physical activity, and postal questionnaire
National Category
Pediatrics
Research subject
Pediatrics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-153263 (URN)978-91-554-8115-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2011-09-23, Universitetshuset Sal IX, Övre Slottsgatan 2, Uppsala, 13:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2011-08-30 Created: 2011-05-09 Last updated: 2011-09-08Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full textPubMed

Authority records BETA

Stenhammar, ChristinaSarkadi, AnnaEdlund, Birgitta

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Stenhammar, ChristinaSarkadi, AnnaEdlund, Birgitta
By organisation
Department of Public Health and Caring SciencesDepartment of Women's and Children's Health
In the same journal
Public Health Nutrition
Medical and Health Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn
Total: 637 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf