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Postnatal decrease in circulating insulin-like growth factor-I and low brain volumes in very preterm infants
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Pediatrics. (Barnneurologisk forskning/Ahlsten)
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2011 (English)In: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, ISSN 0021-972X, E-ISSN 1945-7197, Vol. 96, no 4, 1129-1135 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Context: IGF-I and IGF binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) are essential for growth and maturation of the developing brain. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between postnatal serum concentrations of IGF-I and IGFBP-3 and brain volumes at term in very preterm infants. Design: Fifty-one infants with a mean (sd) gestational age (GA) of 26.4 (1.9) wk and birth weight (BW) of 888 (288) g were studied, with weekly blood sampling of IGF-I and IGFBP-3 from birth until 35 gestational weeks (GW) and daily calculation of protein and caloric intake. Magnetic resonance images obtained at 40 GW were segmented into total brain, cerebellar, cerebrospinal fluid, gray matter, and unmyelinated white matter volumes. Main Outcome Measures: We evaluated brain growth by measuring brain volumes using magnetic resonance imaging. Results: Mean IGF-I concentrations from birth to 35 GW correlated with total brain volume, unmyelinated white matter volume, gray matter volume, and cerebellar volume [r = 0.55 (P < 0.001); r = 0.55 (P < 0.001); r = 0.44 (P = 0.002); and r = 0.58 (P < 0.001), respectively]. Similar correlations were observed for IGFBP-3 concentrations. Correlations remained after adjustment for GA, mean protein and caloric intakes, gender, severe brain damage, and steroid treatment. Protein and caloric intakes were not related to brain volumes. Infants with BW small for GA had lower mean concentrations of IGF-I (P = 0.006) and smaller brain volumes (P = 0.001-0.013) than infants with BW appropriate for GA. Conclusion: Postnatal IGF-I and IGFBP-3 concentrations are positively associated with brain volumes at 40 GW in very preterm infants. Normalization of the IGF-I axis, directly or indirectly, may support normal brain development in very preterm infants.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 96, no 4, 1129-1135 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-142723DOI: 10.1210/jc.2010-2440ISI: 000289242800058PubMedID: 21289247OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-142723DiVA: diva2:387970
Available from: 2011-01-16 Created: 2011-01-16 Last updated: 2012-03-12Bibliographically approved

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Hellström-Westas, LenaLarsson, Elna-Marie
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