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Attenuation of Cross-Talk Between the Complement and Coagulation Cascades by C5a Blockade Improves Early Outcomes After Intraportal Islet Transplantation
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2010 (English)In: Transplantation, ISSN 0041-1337, E-ISSN 1534-6080, Vol. 90, no 12, 1358-1365 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background. Complement 5a factor (C5a) elicits a broad range of proinflammatory effects, including chemotaxis of inflammatory cells and cytokine release. C5a is also linked to the coagulant activity in autoimmune diseases. Therefore, C5a most likely plays a crucial role in the instant blood-mediated inflammatory reaction. Methods. Intraportal transplantation of 2.5 islet equivalents/g of syngeneic rat islet grafts was performed in two groups of streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats: controls and C5a inhibitory peptide (C5aIP)-treated group. Results. The thrombin-antithrombin complex was significantly suppressed in the C5aIP group (P = 0.003), and both the curative rate and the glucose tolerance were significantly improved in the C5aIP group (P < 0.05 and P < 0.005, respectively). Expression of tissue factor on granulocytes in recipient livers was up-regulated 1 h after islet infusion (P < 0.0001), which was significantly suppressed by C5aIP (P < 0.005). However, C5aIP was unable to regulate tissue factor expression on isolated islets. Furthermore, no differences were detected between the groups, regarding infiltration of CD11b-positive cells and deposition of C5b-9 on the islet grafts. Conclusions. These data suggest that C5aIP attenuates cross-talk between the complement and coagulation cascades through suppressing up-regulation of tissue factor expression on leukocytes in recipient livers but not on islet grafts, a process leading to improvement in islet engraftment. Therefore, C5aIP in combination with conventional anticoagulants could be a strong candidate strategy to control the instant blood-mediated inflammatory reaction induced in clinical islet transplantation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 90, no 12, 1358-1365 p.
Keyword [en]
Islets, Transplantation, Complement, C5a, Tissue factor
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-142794DOI: 10.1097/TP.0b013e3181ffb9f5ISI: 000285377100018PubMedID: 21197712OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-142794DiVA: diva2:388221
Available from: 2011-01-17 Created: 2011-01-17 Last updated: 2011-01-17Bibliographically approved

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