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Modelling the molecular Zeeman-effect in M-dwarfs: methods and first results
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Observational Astronomy.
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2010 (English)In: Astronomy and Astrophysics, ISSN 0004-6361, E-ISSN 1432-0746, Vol. 523, A37- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aims. We present first quantitative results of the surface magnetic field measurements in selected M-dwarfs based on detailed spectra synthesis conducted simultaneously in atomic and molecular lines of the FeH Wing-Ford F-4 Delta - X-4 Delta transitions. Methods. A modified version of the Molecular Zeeman Library (MZL) was used to compute Lande g-factors for FeH lines in different Hund's cases. Magnetic spectra synthesis was performed with the SYNMAST code. Results. We show that the implementation of different Hund's case for FeH states depending on their quantum numbers allows us to achieve a good fit to the majority of lines in a sunspot spectrum in an automatic regime. Strong magnetic fields are confirmed via the modelling of atomic and FeH lines for three M-dwarfs YZ CMi, EV Lac, and AD Leo, but their mean intensities are found to be systematically lower than previously reported. A much weaker field (1.7-2 kG against 2.7 kG) is required to fit FeH lines in the spectra of GJ 1224. Conclusions. Our method allows us to measure average magnetic fields in very low-mass stars from polarized radiative transfer. The obtained results indicate that the fields reported in earlier works were probably overestimated by about 15-30%. Higher quality observations are needed for more definite results.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 523, A37- p.
Keyword [en]
stars: atmospheres, stars: low-mass, stars: magnetic field
National Category
Physical Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-142829DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201015229ISI: 000285346600041OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-142829DiVA: diva2:388326
Available from: 2011-01-17 Created: 2011-01-17 Last updated: 2012-10-11Bibliographically approved

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Kochukhov, OlegPiskunov, Nikolai
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