Hygiene and urinary tract infections after cystectomy in 452 Swedish survivors of bladder cancer
2009 (English)In: BJU International, ISSN 1464-4096, E-ISSN 1464-410X, Vol. 105, no 8, 1107-1117 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
OBJECTIVES To determine whether or not an improved hygiene can lessen the incidence of symptomatic urinary tract infections (UTIs) in patients treated by cystectomy for urinary bladder cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS We attempted to contact during their follow-up all men and women aged 30-80 years who had undergone cystectomy and urinary diversion at seven Swedish hospitals. During a qualitative phase we identified hygienic measures and included them in a study-specific questionnaire. The patients completed the questionnaire at home. Outcome variables were dichotomized and the results presented as relative risks (RR) with 95% confidence interval. RESULTS We received the questionnaire from 452 (92%) of 491 identified patients. The proportion of patients who had a symptomatic UTI in the previous year was 22% for orthotopic neobladder and cutaneous continent reservoir, and 23% for non-continent urostomy diversion. The RR for a UTI was 1.1 (0.5-2.5) for 'never washing hands' before handling with catheters or ostomy material. Patients with diabetes mellitus had a RR of 2.1 (1.4-3.2) for having a symptomatic UTI. CONCLUSIONS We could not confirm lack of hygiene measures as a cause of UTI for men and women who had a cystectomy with urinary diversion. Patients with diabetes mellitus have a greater risk of contracting a UTI.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 105, no 8, 1107-1117 p.
Urinary tract infections, Hygiene, Cystectomy, Urinary diversion
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-142848DOI: 10.1111/j.1464-410X.2009.08909.xPubMedID: 19863516OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-142848DiVA: diva2:388332