Operational effect variables and functional ecosystem classifications: a review on empirical models for aquatic systems along a salinity gradient
2007 (English)In: International review of hydrobiology, ISSN 1434-2944, E-ISSN 1522-2632, Vol. 92, no 3, 326-357 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
This paper presents a comparative study based on a very comprehensive set of empirical data from many international data bases including fresh water systems, coastal brackish water areas and marine coastal areas. We present a general trophic level classification system (oligotrophic, mesotrophic, eutrophic and hypertrophic categories) for sites/areas characterised by a wide range of salinities. This classification system targets on the following operational effect variables (bioindicators), which are meant to reflect key structural and functional aspects of aquatic ecosystems and characteristic (median) values for entire defined areas (the ecosystem scale) for the growing season: Secchi depth (as a standard measure of water clarity), chlorophyll-a concentrations (a measure of primary phytoplankton biomass), the oxygen saturation in the deep-water zone (an indicator reflecting sedimentation, oxygen consumption, oxygen concentrations and the habitat conditions for zoobenthos, an important functional group) and the macrophyte cover (an important variable for the bioproduction potential, including fish production, and the "biological value" of aquatic systems). For a wide range of systems, these bioindicators can be predicted using practically useful models, i.e., models based on variables that can be accessed from standard monitoring programs and maps. These bioindicators are regulated by a set of abiotic factors, such as salinity, suspended particulate matter (SPM), nutrient concentrations (N and P), morphometry and water exchange. Empirical data ultimately form the basis for most ecological/environmental studies and this work uses maybe the most comprehensive data set ever related to trophic level conditions. It also gives compilations of empirically-based (statistical) models quantifying how the variables are interrelated and how they reflect fundamental aspects of aquatic ecosystems.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 92, no 3, 326-357 p.
trophic level classification, chlorophyll, Secchi depth, macrophytes, eutrophication
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-11142DOI: 10.1002/iroh.200610931ISI: 000247622800008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-11142DiVA: diva2:38910