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Remaining challenges in Tanzania's efforts to eliminate iodine deficiency
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health.
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2007 (English)In: Public Health Nutrition, ISSN 1368-9800, E-ISSN 1475-2727, Vol. 10, no 10, 1032-1038 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: To determine iodine levels in salt and iodine deficiency prevalence in school-aged children in 16 districts in Tanzania with previous severe iodine deficiency. Design: A cross-sectional study in schoolchildren. Systematic probability sampling was used to select schools and subjects for goitre assessment and urinary iodine determination. Setting: Sixteen districts randomly selected from the 27 categorised as severely iodine-deficient in Tanzania. Subjects: The stndy population was primary-school children aged 6-18 years who were examined for goitre prevalence and urinary, iodine concentration (UIC). Salt samples from schoolchildren's homes and from shops were tested for iodine content. Results. The study revealed that 83.3% of households (n = 21 160) in the surveyed districts used iodised salt. Also, 94% of sampled shops (n = 397) sold iodised salt, with a median iodine level of 37.0 ppm (range 4.2-240 ppm). Median UIC in 2089 schoolchildren vas 235.0 mu g 1(-1) and 9.3% had UIC values below 50 mu g 1(-1). The overall unweighted mean visible and total goitre prevalence was 6.7% and 24.3%, respectively (n = 16 222). The age group 6-12 Nears had the lowest goitre prevalence (3.6% visible and 18.0% total goitre, 11 = 7147). The total goitre prevalence had decreased significantly in all districts from an unweighted mean of 65.4% in the 1980s to 24.3% in 1999 (P < 0.05). We believe this difference was also biologically significant. Conclusion: These findings indicate that iodine deficiency is largely eliminated in the 16 districts categorised as severely iodine-deficient in Tanzania, and that the iodine content of salt purchased from shops is highly variable.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 10, no 10, 1032-1038 p.
Keyword [en]
goitre prevention and control, urinary iodine deficiency, lodised oil, lodised salt, Tanzania
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-143141DOI: 10.1017/S1368980007666695ISI: 000250555100008PubMedID: 17381943OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-143141DiVA: diva2:389410
Available from: 2011-01-19 Created: 2011-01-19 Last updated: 2011-01-19Bibliographically approved

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