Distributive Justice and the Durability of Negotiated Agreements
Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research2008 (English)Report (Other academic)
This study explores the relationship between principles of justice and the durability of negotiated agreements. Focusing primarily on peace agreements negotiated during the early 1990s, the study provides evidence for a relationship.
Sixteen peace agreements were coded for the centrality of each of four principles of distributive justice – equality, proportionality, compensation, and need. The agreements were also judged on scales of durability and implementation over a five-year post-settlement period. Two other variables included in the analysis were the difficulty of the conflict environment and the willingness of international actors to be involved in the conflict. A modest correlation between justice and durability raised questions about the relationship. Further analyses showed that this correlation was accounted for by three anomalous cases, Rwanda, Somalia, and El Salvador.
A closer look at these cases led to a refinement of the coding decisions. The re-calculated correlations showed a stronger relationship between justice and durability, even when the effects of difficulty were controlled. Further support for a relationship was obtained from a focused comparison of selected cases matched on difficulty (Bosnia and Cambodia [high difficulty]; Guatemala and El Salvador [low difficulty]). The results suggest that when many principles of justice are included in an agreement, the negative effects of difficult conflict environments are reduced. When only a few principles are included, the negative effects of difficulty are heightened. Implications of these findings are discussed along with a number of ideas for further research.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Brisbane, Australia: Australian Centre for Peace and Conflict Studies (APACS) , 2008. , 39 p.
, Occasional Paper Series , No. 10
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-11197OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-11197DiVA: diva2:38965
ProjectsMaking Negotiated Agreements Durable: The Role of Justice
First report on results of research project, "Making Agreements Durable: The Role of Justice". Department of Peace and Conflict Research, Uppsala University and the Australian Centre for Peace and Conflict Studies, University of Queensland, Australia.2008-01-292009-03-032009-03-05Bibliographically approved