Sustainability and local people's participation in coastal aquaculture: Regional differences and historical experiences in sri lanka and the philippines
2007 (English)In: Environmental Management, ISSN 0364-152X, E-ISSN 1432-1009, Vol. 40, no 5, 787-802 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This article discusses environmental sustainability in aquaculture and its contribution to poverty alleviation, based on field studies in Sri Lanka and the Philippines. The aquaculture practices studied are the monoculture of the black tiger prawn (Penneaus monodon) and milkfish (Chanos chanos) and the polyculture of the two species together with the mud crab (Scylla serrata). Factors affecting economic viability, social equity and environmental impacts in aquaculture are discussed and used to illuminate local and regional differences between aquaculture in Sri Lanka and the Philippines. Findings indicate that the most significant difference is the level of participation by local people (i.e., people originating <= 10 km away from the farm location). In the Philippines, 84 % of the people involved in aquaculture are locals, whereas in Sri Lanka, 55% are outsiders. Whether differences between the two areas can be explained by analyzing regional conditions, which might have resulted in different aquaculture practices, is discussed. In Sri Lanka, semi-intensive shrimp monoculture is currently the most common practice, whereas in the Philippines, extensive shrimp/fish polyculture is more common. Previous studies, as well as fieldwork, indicate that extensive culture practices reduce environmental impacts and benefit local people more. Sustainability in aquaculture is, however, also dependent on the extent of mangrove conversion into ponds. As such, extensive and locally owned farms do not necessarily result in an all but sustainable situation. Keeping this in mind, it is discussed if extensive polyculture practices might result in a more sustainable aquaculture, both environmentally and socioeconomically.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 40, no 5, 787-802 p.
coastal aquaculture, sustainability, poverty alleviation, environmental impact, Sri Lanka, Philippines
Social and Economic Geography
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-143222DOI: 10.1007/s00267-006-0108-yISI: 000250484200006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-143222DiVA: diva2:389784