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Molecular genetic analysis of p53 intratumoral heterogeneity in human astrocytic brain tumors
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Genetics and Pathology.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Genetics and Pathology.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Neurosurgery.
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2007 (English)In: Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology, ISSN 0022-3069, E-ISSN 1554-6578, Vol. 66, no 10, 944-954 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We investigated genetic heterogeneity of astrocytic gliomas using p53 gene mutations as a marker. Different parts of morphologically heterogeneous astrocytic gliomas were micro-dissected, and direct DNA sequencing of p53 gene exons 5 through 8 was performed. Thirty-five glioma samples and tumor-adjacent normal-appearing brain tissue from I I patients were analyzed. Sixteen different p53 gene mutations were found in 7 patients. We found that some tumors were devoid of p53 gene mutations, whereas other tumors carried I or often several (up to 3) different mutations. The mutations were present in grade II, III, and IV astrocytic glioma areas. Both severe functionally dead mutants and mutants with remaining transcriptional activity could be observed in the same tumor. We observed that morphologically different parts of a glioma could carry different or similar mutations in the p53 gene and could be either associated or not associated with the locus of heterozygosity at the mutant site. Coexistence of p53 gene mutations and the locus of heterozygosity was common, at least in astrocytomas grade III and in glioblastomas, and also occurred in astrocytoma grade 11 areas. These results support the notion that intratumoral heterogeneity in brain tumors originates from different molecular defects. Our results are of importance for a further understanding of the molecular mechanisms behind failure to treat glioma patients.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 66, no 10, 944-954 p.
Keyword [en]
clonality, glioma, heterogeneity, microdissection, mutation, p53
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
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URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-143446DOI: 10.1097/nen.0b013e318156bc05ISI: 000250159200008PubMedID: 17917588OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-143446DiVA: diva2:390140
Available from: 2011-01-21 Created: 2011-01-20 Last updated: 2013-03-20Bibliographically approved

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Hesselager, GöranSmits, Anja

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