Predictors of psychological health in spouses of persons affected by stroke
2007 (English)In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 16, no 5, 885-891 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Aim.To identify predictors of psychological health and examine if these predictors change over time in spouses of stroke patients during the first year after stroke. A second aim was to identify gender differences in psychological health among the spouses. Background. The impact of burden in long-term caregivers may result in psychological consequences for the spouse. The rehabilitation process for the patient can be negatively affected by a stressed caregiver and result in long-term hospitalization. To identify spouses at risk for physical and psychological distress is, therefore, essential to support those in need. Design. Longitudinal, comparative study. Methods. One hundred spouses of stroke patients were assessed at baseline, as well as after six and 12 months, regarding psychological health, well-being, own illness, need of assistance from general practitioner and/or district nurse, social network and knowledge about stroke. Stepwise multiple regression analyses were conducted for baseline, six- and 12-month assessments, respectively, with psychological health as the dependent variable. Results. General well-being and presence of illness in spouse were the most prominent predictors of psychological health, throughout the first year. Conclusions. Enhancing psychological health and preventing medical problems in the caregiver are essential considerations to enable patients with stroke-related disabilities to continue to live at home. Relevance to clinical practice. Evaluating the situation for spouses of stroke patients is an important component when planning for the future care of the patient.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 16, no 5, 885-891 p.
nurses, predictors, psychological health, spouse, stroke, well-being
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-11254DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2702.2006.01744.xISI: 000245988900009PubMedID: 17462038OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-11254DiVA: diva2:39022