Asymmetric hydrogen bonds in a centrosymmetric environment. III. Quantum mechanical calculations of the potential-energy surfaces for the very short hydrogen bonds in potassium hydrogen dichloromaleate
2007 (English)In: Acta Crystallographica Section B: Structural Science, ISSN 0108-7681, E-ISSN 1600-5740, Vol. 63, 748-752 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In the crystal structure of potassium hydrogen dichloromaleate there are two short hydrogen bonds of 2.44 angstrom. The 'heavy-atom' structure is centrosymmetric ( space group P 3 (1) over bar) with centers of symmetry in the middle of the O-O bonds, suggesting centered hydrogen bonds. However, earlier unconventional types of refinements of the extensive neutron data taken at 30, 90, 135, 170 and 295 K demonstrated that the H atoms are actually non-centered in the hydrogen bonds, although the environment is centrosymmetric. Traditionally it has been assumed that the hydrogen distribution adopts the same symmetry as the environment. Reviewing these unusual results it was considered of great interest to verify that the non-centered locations of the H atoms are reasonable from an energy point of view. Quantum mechanical calculations have now been carried out for the potential-energy surfaces ( PES) for both the centered and non-centered locations of the H atoms. In all cases the non-centered positions are closer to the energy minima in the PES than the centered positions, and this result confirms that the structure is best described with noncentered H atoms. There is virtually perfect agreement between the quantum-mechanically derived reaction coordinates ( QMRC) and the bond-order reaction coordinates ( BORC) derived using Pauling's bond-order concept together with the principle of conservation of bond order.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 63, 748-752 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-143510DOI: 10.1107/S0108768107041225ISI: 000249506100009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-143510DiVA: diva2:390300