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Peroxiredoxins and antioxidant enzymes in pilocytic astrocytomas
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2007 (English)In: Clinical Neuropathology, ISSN 0722-5091, Vol. 26, no 5, 210-218 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: Peroxiredoxins are antioxidant enzymes (AOEs), which are redox-regulated thiol proteins with potential effects on the growth, invasion and drug resistance of neoplastic cells. In this study, their biology and clinical significance were examined in pilocytic astrocytomas (PAs). Material and methods: The expression of peroxiredoxins (Prx I-VI) was investigated in 105 PAs by the means of immunohistochemistry and compared with the expression of selected other antioxidant enzymes, cell proliferation, angiogenesis, apoptosis, p53, histopathology and patient survival. Results: Peroxiredoxins were strongly expressed in general suggesting that oxidative damage and consequent defense takes place during the progression of pilocytic astrocytomas. In agreement with this hypothesis, several other AOEs correlated with the degenerative features and angiogenesis possibly associated with reactive oxygen species-derived cellular damage. Moreover, the expression of the AOEs was associated with each other indicating a concurrent activation of the enzymes. With the exception of manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD), a strong expression of AOEs was generally associated with higher cell proliferation. Prx VI seemed to have a positive association with a longer recurrence-free interval while other AOEs had no association with patient survival. Many AOEs, such as MnSOD, induce chemo- and radioresistance and are highly elevated in aggressive malignancies. PAs lack this confounding factor, and these tumors are treated only by surgery Conclusions: Taken together, the results of this study on pilocytic astrocytomas suggest that the levels of Prxs and other AOEs and their related thiol proteins are generally strongly expressed in these tumors. At least Prx VI can contribute to tumor behavior which can make it a potential prognostic factor.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 26, no 5, 210-218 p.
Keyword [en]
antioxidant, antioxidative enzymes, peroxiredoxins, pilocytic astrocytoma, prognosis
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-143507ISI: 000249498200002PubMedID: 17907597OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-143507DiVA: diva2:390311
Available from: 2011-01-21 Created: 2011-01-21 Last updated: 2011-01-21Bibliographically approved

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