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Graded structure in vocal expression of emotion: What is meant by "prototypical expressions"?
Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2007 (English)In: Proceedings of paralinguistic speech - between models and data, 2007, 1-4 p.Conference paper (Other scientific)
Abstract [en]

This study examined what determines typicality (graded

structure) in vocal expressions of emotion. Separate groups of

judges rated expressive speech stimuli (both acted and

spontaneous expressions) with regard to typicality, ideality,

and frequency of instantiation (FI). Also, a measure of

similarity to central tendency (CT) was obtained from listener

judgments. Partial correlations and multiple regression

analysis revealed that similarity to ideal, and not FI or CT,

explained most variance in judged typicality. It is argued that

these results may indicate that prototypical vocal expressions

are best characterized as goal-derived categories, rather than

common taxonomic categories. This could explain how

prototypical expressions can be acoustically distinct and

highly recognizable, while at the same time occur relatively

rarely in everyday speech.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. 1-4 p.
Keyword [en]
acted speech, emotion, goal-derived categories, graded structure, spontaneous speech, prototypical expressions
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-11284OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-11284DiVA: diva2:39052
Available from: 2007-08-24 Created: 2007-08-24

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Laukka, Petri
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