pH Dependent Competition between YZ and YD in Photosystem II Probed by Illumination at 5 K
2007 (English)In: Biochemistry, ISSN 0006-2960, E-ISSN 1520-4995, Vol. 46, no 26, 7865-7874 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The photosystem II (PSII) reaction center contains two redox active tyrosines, YZ and YD, situated on the D1 and D2 proteins, respectively. By illumination at 5 K, oxidation of YZ in oxygen-evolving PSII can be observed as induction of the Split S1 EPR signal from YZ* in magnetic interaction with the CaMn4 cluster, whereas oxidation of YD can be observed as the formation of the free radical EPR signal from YD*. We have followed the light induced induction at 5 K of the Split S1 signal between pH 4-8.5. The formation of the signal, that is, the oxidation of YZ, is pH independent and efficient between pH 5.5 and 8.5. At low pH, the split signal formation decreases with pKa approximately 4.7-4.9. In samples with chemically pre-reduced YD, the pH dependent competition between YZ and YD was studied. Only YZ was oxidized below pH 7.2, but at pH above 7.2, the oxidation of YD became possible, and the formation of the Split S1 signal diminished. The onset of YD oxidation occurred with pKa approximately 8.0, while the Split S1 signal decreased with pKa approximately 7.9 demonstrating that the two tyrosines compete in this pH interval. The results reflect the formation and breaking of hydrogen bonds between YZ and D1-His190 (HisZ) and YD and D2-His190 (HisD), respectively. The oxidation of respective tyrosine at 5 K demands that the hydrogen bond is well-defined; otherwise, the low-temperature oxidation is not possible. The results are discussed in the framework of recent literature data and with respect to the different oxidation kinetics of YZ and YD.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 46, no 26, 7865-7874 p.
Cold, Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy, Hydrogen-Ion Concentration, Models, Chemical, Oxidation-Reduction, Photosystem II Protein Complex/*physiology/radiation effects, Spinacia oleracea, Tyrosine/*metabolism
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-11297DOI: 10.1021/bi700377gISI: 000247486800018PubMedID: 17559194OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-11297DiVA: diva2:39065