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Monoamine oxidases: activities, genotypes and the shaping of behaviour
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm , Centre for Clinical Research, County of Västmanland.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm , Centre for Clinical Research, County of Västmanland. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience.
2007 (English)In: Journal of neural transmission, ISSN 0300-9564, E-ISSN 1435-1463, Vol. 114, no 6, 817-822 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The importance of an interaction between environment and biological factors for the expression for a particular behaviour is illustrated by results from a series of adolescents in which effects of platelet MAO activity and psychosocial environment on criminality was investigated. In a favourable environment platelet MAO-B activity was not associated with criminality, while a very strong association was found in adolescents from a bad psychosocial environment. Essentially similar findings were obtained when a MAO-A promoter polymorphism was analysed instead of platelet MAO-B activity. In boys, presence of the low functioning allele seemed to be protective against criminal activity in combination with a good environment, while it predisposed for criminality in a bad psycho-social environment. In girls, instead, homozygosity for the high activity MAO-A allele interacted with environment to predict criminality. Possible mechanisms underlying the role of monoamine oxidases for behaviour are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 114, no 6, 817-822 p.
Keyword [en]
Monoamine oxidase, genotype, personality, behaviour, platelet
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-11434DOI: 10.1007/s00702-007-0694-8ISI: 000246735100025PubMedID: 17426915OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-11434DiVA: diva2:39203
Available from: 2008-03-25 Created: 2008-03-25 Last updated: 2017-12-11Bibliographically approved

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Oreland, LarsNilsson, KentDamberg, MattiasHallman, Jarmila

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