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The increase in exhaled NO following allergen challenge is not associated with airway acidification
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Clinical Physiology.
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2011 (English)In: European Journal of Clinical Investigation, ISSN 0014-2972, E-ISSN 1365-2362, Vol. 41, no 4, 411-416 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Exhaled nitric oxide (NO), commonly accepted marker of airways inflammation, may be generated both by specific enzymes, NO synthases, as well as by nonenzymatic reduction in its metabolites. During asthma exacerbations, owing to lower airways pH, it has been reported that nitrite reduction may contribute to the increase in exhaled NO. Allergen exposure, an important cause of asthma exacerbations, is also known to increase exhaled NO. Design To investigate whether cat allergen exposure of cat-sensitized asthmatics leads to airway acidification, which could explain the expected increase in exhaled NO. Twelve nonsmoking, cat-sensitized patients (nine women) aged 33·5 (22-54) years with mild intermittent asthma performed a cat allergen challenge. Exhaled NO at 50-200mLs-1, nasal NO, exhaled breath condensate (EBC) pH, nitrite and nitrate were measured before, 8 and 24h after allergen challenge. Results A significant increase in FENO 50 was observed 24h after allergen challenge compared to baseline: 110ppb (34, 143) vs. 60ppb (19, 122), P=0·006. This was mainly explained by an increase in bronchial NO flux (P=0·02), while no changes in EBC pH were observed (P=0·35). Conclusions: Allergen exposure is not associated with airways acidification, implying that the observed increase in exhaled NO is probably because of enzymatic NO production.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 41, no 4, 411-416 p.
Keyword [en]
Allergen challenge, Asthma, Breath analysis, Exhaled breath condensate, Exhaled nitric oxide
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-143997DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2362.2010.02423.xISI: 000288215100009PubMedID: 21114492OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-143997DiVA: diva2:392040
Available from: 2011-01-25 Created: 2011-01-25 Last updated: 2011-04-04Bibliographically approved

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