Infant looking behavior in ambiguous situations: Social referencing or attachment behavior?
2007 (English)In: Infancy, ISSN 1525-0008, E-ISSN 1532-7078, Vol. 11, no 2, 111-129 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Is infant looking behavior in ambiguous situations best described in terms of information seeking (social referencing) or as attachment behavior? Twelve-month-old infants were assigned to I of 2 conditions (Study 1); each infant's mother provided positive information about an ambiguous toy and an experimenter provided positive information. In Study 2, 12-month-old infants were assigned to 1 of 3 conditions: mother provided positive information about the toy, mother was inattentive, or mother provided negative information; the experimenter was inattentive. The infants preferred to look at the experimenter in almost all conditions and they regulated their behavior in accordance with information obtained from the experimenter. None of the studies lends support for an explanation in terms of behaviors deriving from the attachment system, and they raise questions concerning social referencing interpretations of infants' looking behavior. Other alternatives for explaining infant looking behavior in social referencing situations (e.g., associative learning) are discussed.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 11, no 2, 111-129 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-144333ISI: 000246826100001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-144333DiVA: diva2:393371