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The NASA-UC Eia-earth program. II. a planet orbiting HD 156668 with a minimum mass of four earth masses
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2011 (English)In: Astrophysical Journal, ISSN 0004-637X, E-ISSN 1538-4357, Vol. 726, no 2, 73- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We report the discovery of HD 156668 b, an extrasolar planet with a minimum mass of M-P sin i = 4.15 M-circle plus. This planet was discovered through Keplerian modeling of precise radial velocities from Keck-HIRES and is the second super-Earth to emerge from the NASA-UC Eta-Earth Survey. The best-fit orbit is consistent with circular and has a period of P = 4.6455 days. The Doppler semi-amplitude of this planet, K = 1.89 m s(-1), is among the lowest ever detected, on par with the detection of GJ 581 e using HARPS. A longer period (P approximate to 2.3 years), low-amplitude signal of unknown origin was also detected in the radial velocities and was filtered out of the data while fitting the short-period planet. Additional data are required to determine if the long-period signal is due to a second planet, stellar activity, or another source. Photometric observations using the Automated Photometric Telescopes at Fairborn Observatory show that HD 156668 (an old, quiet K3 dwarf) is photometrically constant over the radial velocity period to 0.1 mmag, supporting the existence of the planet. No transits were detected down to a photometric limit of similar to 3 mmag, ruling out transiting planets dominated by extremely bloated atmospheres, but not precluding a transiting solid/liquid planet with a modest atmosphere.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 726, no 2, 73- p.
Keyword [en]
planetary systems, stars: individual (HD 156668), techniques: radial velocities
National Category
Physical Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-144520DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/726/2/73ISI: 000285623600017OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-144520DiVA: diva2:393715
Available from: 2011-02-01 Created: 2011-01-31 Last updated: 2012-10-16Bibliographically approved

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Piskunov, Nikolai
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