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Physical activity and implications on well-being in mild Alzheimer's disease: A qualitative case study on two men with dementia and their spouses
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Geriatrics.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Geriatrics.
2010 (English)In: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice, ISSN 0959-3985, E-ISSN 1532-5040, Vol. 26, no 4, 226-239 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

To improve the understanding of experiences of people with mild Alzheimer's disease (AD) and their significant others, related to the physical activity of the afflicted persons and its perceived importance. A qualitative case study design was used. The study comprised two men with mild AD and their wives. Data were collected by qualitative interviews and participant observations. Data analysis followed a thematic guideline as described by Braun and Clarke ( 2006 ). Three central themes of experiences related to physical activity in AD were identified: 1) physical activity as health reinforcement; 2) barriers to physical activity; and 3) adaptation strategies. Important motivations for outdoor walks were enjoyable experiences of nature, body movement, and positive attitudes toward physical activity. Several factors were experienced as barriers to physical activity (e.g., tiredness, difficulties in finding one's way, and "peculiar behavior"). Significant others made considerable adjustments in everyday life to enable their partners to retain a physically active lifestyle. The findings indicate that in persons with AD, physical activities such as outdoor walking can play an important part in everyday life by creating meaningful routines and improving experienced well-being and health.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 26, no 4, 226-239 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-144803DOI: 10.3109/09593980903423012PubMedID: 20397857OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-144803DiVA: diva2:394462
Available from: 2011-02-02 Created: 2011-02-02 Last updated: 2014-06-30Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Physical Activity and Alzheimer's Disease: Measurements, Observations and Subjective Experiences
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Physical Activity and Alzheimer's Disease: Measurements, Observations and Subjective Experiences
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Gait disturbances such as slow walking speed and step-to-step variability have been reported among people with mild Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and as risk factors for functional decline, dependency, and falls. Additionally, AD-related emotional reactions and decreased initiative can lead to physical inactivity. The aims of this thesis, therefore, were to explore how the ability to be physically active is affected in the early years of AD, and how people with mild AD and their cohabitants reason about physical activity as part of their everyday life.

To meet the aims, an approach inspired by mixed methods research was used, covering measurements, observations and subjective experiences. Data were collected from different sources in parallel. Participants with mild AD were recruited at the Memory Clinic, Uppsala University Hospital. In Study I, a case study with two couples in which one member had AD, in-depth interviews and participating interviews were performed. Physical activity such as walking was viewed as a meaningful routine improving well-being. Participants were positive about making adjustments to enable physical activity. In Study II, the 25 participants with AD showed a significant lower walking capacity (10 m comfortable walk test, 6-minute walk test, Timed-up-and-Go test) at baseline compared to controls. The decline continued during the subsequent two years. The influence of a cognitive task on walking was distinct, despite this, participants maintained a health-promoting level of physical activity during the two-year study-period. In Study III, gait testing in the motor laboratory of 21 participants with AD showed a marked impact on gait parameters (e.g. slowed speed, decreased step length) by a cognitive task. Additionally, specific dual-task gait disturbances were frequent. In Study IV, in-depth interviews with 14 participants with AD indicated that physical activity was viewed as a meaningful activity, used as a means to maintain well-being and selfhood, and contributed to continuity in life.

In conclusion, walking capacity deteriorates and declines in the early stages of AD. A simple cognitive task can have a substantially negative impact on walking already in mild AD. In contrast, people with AD can also gain “self-promoting benefits” from physical activity beyond the common health-promoting benefits.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2014. 82 p.
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Medicine, ISSN 1651-6206 ; 1008
Caregiver, continuity theory, dementia, dual-task, gait analysis, in-depth interview, mixed methods research, participant observation, physical capacity, qualitative, selfhood, walking
National Category
Research subject
Physiotherapy; Geriatrics
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-223687 (URN)978-91-554-8967-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2014-06-13, Gunnesalen, Akademiska sjukhuset ing 10, Uppsala, 13:00 (Swedish)
Available from: 2014-05-21 Created: 2014-04-23 Last updated: 2014-06-30

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