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Eurotiomycetes: Eurotiomycetidae and Chaetothyriomycetidae
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2006 (English)In: Mycologia, ISSN 0027-5514, E-ISSN 1557-2536, Vol. 98, no 6, 1053-1064 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The class Eurotiomycetes (Ascomycota, Pezizomycotina) is a monophyletic group comprising two major clades of very different ascomycetous fungi: (i) the subclass Eurotiomycetidae, a clade that contains most of the fungi previously recognized as Plectomycetes because of their mostly enclosed ascomata and pyototunicate asci; and (ii) the subclass Chaetothyriomycetidae, a group of fungi that produce ascomata with an opening reminiscent of those produced by Dothideomycetes or Sordariomycetes. In this paper we use phylogenetic analyses based on data available from the Assembling the Fungal Tree of Life project (AFTOL), in addition to sequences in GenBank, to outline this important group of fungi. The Eurotiomycetidae include producers of toxic and useful secondary metabolites, fermentation agents used to make food products and enzymes, xerophiles and psychrophiles, and the important genetics model Aspergillus nidulans. The Chaetothyriomycetidae include the common black yeast fungi, some of which are pathogens of humans and animals, as well as some primarily lichenized groups newly found to be phylogenetically associated with this group. The recently proposed order Mycocaliciales shows a sister relationship with Eurotiomycetes. The great majority of human pathogenic Pezizomycotina are Eurotiomycetes, particularly in Eurotiales, Onygenales and Chaetothyriales. Due to their broad importance in basic research, industry and public health, several genome projects have focused on species in Onygenales and Eurotiales.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 98, no 6, 1053-1064 p.
Keyword [en]
Cleistothecium, industrial fungi, medically important fungi
National Category
Biological Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-144901DOI: 10.3852/mycologia.98.6.1053ISI: 000245858800021PubMedID: 17486980OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-144901DiVA: diva2:394693
Available from: 2011-02-03 Created: 2011-02-03 Last updated: 2014-09-03Bibliographically approved

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